Discover the New 7 Wonders of the World and Their Amazing Stories
7 Wonders of the World: A Guide to the Most Amazing Structures Ever Built
Have you ever wondered what are the most amazing structures ever built by human beings? If so, you are not alone. For centuries, people have been fascinated by the incredible achievements of ancient civilizations, who created monuments, buildings, tombs, temples, and statues that still inspire awe and admiration today.
7 wonders of the world
In this article, we will explore the 7 wonders of the world, a list of the most remarkable man-made creations of classical antiquity. We will learn about their location, history, features, and facts, as well as why they are important for our culture and heritage. By the end of this article, you will have a better understanding of these wonders and hopefully feel inspired to visit them someday.
What are the 7 wonders of the world?
The 7 wonders of the world are a collection of seven ancient structures that represent the pinnacle of human engineering, architecture, art, and culture. They are:
The Great Pyramid of Giza, the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in Egypt, and the only one that still exists today.
The Colosseum, a massive amphitheater in Rome, where gladiators, animals, and criminals fought for the entertainment of the public.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, a legendary garden complex in Mesopotamia, that featured exotic plants, waterfalls, and terraces.
The Lighthouse of Alexandria, a towering structure on an island near Egypt, that served as a beacon and a landmark for sailors.
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, a magnificent tomb in Turkey, that housed the remains of a Persian king and his wife.
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia, a colossal statue in Greece, that depicted the king of the gods sitting on a throne.
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, a splendid temple in Turkey, that honored the goddess of hunting and nature.
How were they chosen?
The 7 wonders of the world were not chosen by a single person or authority. Rather, they were based on guidebooks popular among ancient travelers, who visited different places around the Mediterranean region and the Near East. These guidebooks listed various monuments and attractions that were considered worthy of admiration and praise. However, not all guidebooks agreed on which structures were the most impressive or important. Therefore, different versions of the list existed over time.
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The most famous version of the list was compiled by Antipater of Sidon, a Greek poet who lived in the 2nd century BC. He wrote a poem that described seven wonders that he had seen or heard of. His poem was later quoted by other writers such as Strabo and Philo of Byzantium. His list included all the structures mentioned above except for the Lighthouse of Alexandria, which he replaced with the Walls of Babylon. However, later writers such as Pliny the Elder and Pausanias restored the Lighthouse to its rightful place.
Why are they important?
The 7 wonders of the world The 7 wonders of the world are important for several reasons. First, they showcase the ingenuity, creativity, and skill of ancient civilizations, who were able to construct such magnificent structures without the aid of modern technology. They demonstrate how humans can overcome natural and human-made challenges, such as harsh terrain, limited resources, political conflicts, and religious beliefs. They also reflect the diversity and richness of different cultures, who expressed their values, beliefs, and aspirations through their architecture and art.
Second, they inspire curiosity, wonder, and admiration among modern people, who can appreciate the beauty, complexity, and mystery of these structures. They also motivate people to learn more about the history, geography, and culture of the places where they are located. They encourage people to travel and explore the world, and to respect and preserve the heritage of other civilizations. They also challenge people to create their own wonders, that can improve the quality of life and the environment for future generations.
The 7 Wonders of the World
The Great Pyramid of Giza
Location and history
The Great Pyramid of Giza is located in Egypt, on the west bank of the Nile River, near the city of Cairo. It is part of a complex of pyramids, temples, and tombs known as the Giza Necropolis. It was built around 2560 BC as the tomb of Pharaoh Khufu, the second ruler of the Fourth Dynasty of ancient Egypt. It took about 20 years and an estimated 2.3 million blocks of stone to complete. It was originally covered with white limestone casing stones that gave it a smooth and shiny appearance.
Features and facts
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in Giza. It is also the only one of the 7 wonders of the world that still exists today. It has a height of 146.5 meters (481 feet), a base length of 230.4 meters (756 feet), and an angle of 51 degrees. It has three chambers inside: the King's Chamber, the Queen's Chamber, and the Subterranean Chamber. It also has several shafts that connect the chambers with the outside. The purpose of these shafts is still unknown.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is considered to be one of the most impressive engineering feats in history. It is aligned with the cardinal points (north, south, east, and west) with remarkable precision. It also incorporates complex mathematical and astronomical knowledge, such as the golden ratio, pi, and the Orion constellation. Some theories suggest that it was built as a symbol of power, a representation of the cosmos, or a device for resurrection.
Location and history
The Colosseum is located in Rome, Italy, in the center of the city. It is also known as the Flavian Amphitheater, after the dynasty of emperors who commissioned it. It was built between 72 AD and 80 AD by Emperor Vespasian and his son Titus, as a gift to the Roman people. It was used for various spectacles and events, such as gladiator fights, animal hunts, mock naval battles, executions, dramas, and reenactments of famous battles. It could hold up to 80,000 spectators.
Features and facts
The Colosseum is one of the largest and most iconic amphitheaters in the world. It has an oval shape with a perimeter of 527 meters (1,729 feet), a length of 189 meters (620 feet), a width of 156 meters (512 feet), and a height of 48 meters (157 feet). It has four levels of seating divided by social class: senators and nobles on the lowest level; knights and wealthy citizens on the second level; ordinary citizens on the third level; women and slaves on the fourth level.
The Colosseum is also a marvel of engineering and design. It has an underground system of tunnels and chambers called hypogeum that housed animals, gladiators, machines, and props for the shows. It also had a retractable canvas roof called velarium that provided shade and ventilation for the spectators. It also had a sophisticated drainage system that allowed it to be flooded for naval battles. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Location and history
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were a legendary garden complex in Mesopotamia, that featured exotic plants, waterfalls, and terraces. They were located near the royal palace in Babylon, the capital of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, which is now in southern Iraq. They were built by King Nebuchadnezzar II (who ruled from 605 to 562 BCE) for his wife, Amytis, who missed the green hills and valleys of her homeland, Media (now in Iran).
The Hanging Gardens are one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, but they are also the most mysterious and disputed. There are no extant Ba